Top Ten Résumé Mistakes
Class of 2017: here are 10 reasons why your résumé may be working against you.
1. The Résumé is Candidate-Focused, Not Employer-Focused. The purpose of a résumé is to make it easy for an employer to determine if someone is the right candidate or not. An Applicant Tracking System (ATS) will reject it if it is not a high percent match to employer requirements, and employers will not try to guess how non-employer centric content might be applied to them. Employers should be able to easily see how you will be an asset to their organization.
2. The Résumé is Generic, Dull and Boring. There is a reason the employer developed a job or posting description – to add enough unique keywords to make it easy to determine if a candidate’s stated skills and experience exactly matches a high percentage of the keywords. Anything less will be generic, dull and boring because it does nothing to indicate what an excellent employee the individual will be.
3. Liar, Liar, Pants on Fire! Lying on a résumé might trick an ATS, but it will never fool an employer during a background check. It likely won’t fool an experienced interviewer who is trained to see through mistruths, half-truths and exaggeration. Either way, anyone caught in a lie on a résumé will probably be flagged by the employer permanently as an “unhirable.”
4. Experience ≠ Accomplishments. Employers are not looking for people who will show up faithfully for work…they are looking for people who will be highly productive at work. The only clue to productivity is to see quantifiable accomplishments listed, and ones that easily translate to the employer’s business. “Experienced sales professional” says nothing; “Quadrupled territory sales over three year period and posted highest gross profit in the company” actually tells them the person can sell, and do it profitably.
5. The Rezume Kontainz Ti-pose ‘n Bad Gramer. Misspelled words and poor grammar call into question a candidate’s attention to detail and command of basic communications skills. Confusing your for you’re and making plural words possessive might sneak past a spellchecker but they rarely escape the eye of most recruiters and HR staff. Fair or not, people judge other people’s intelligence by their communications skills, spelling, and grammar since these are core elements of basic communication.
6. Readability. When the résumé gets to the stage of being reviewed by a person, the reviewer will disregard it if he or she cannot quickly and easily comprehend what is there. Inconsistent fonts, font size that is too small, sentences instead of bullet points, and too little white space can make a good candidate wind up on the reject pile. Which is better?
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7. Length. Long résumés are not more impressive than shorter ones just because they contain more “stuff.” Inexperienced candidates (under 3 years’ experience following graduation) are best served with a single page résumé, while more experienced workers generally need two pages. Remove less important and non-relevant detail (e.g. high school education for a 42-year old with college degree). Tailor specifically to the position, which means that accomplishments not relevant to the position can be removed. Use bullet points rather than sentences, and numerals instead of the number spelled out. Two exceptions:
- For higher education, scientific, and technical positions, résumés may be longer. These are often in curriculum vitae format.
- ATS versions of résumés can be much longer, especially if you can add more quantified accomplishments and more keywords. But remember to use an abbreviated form if you are providing a PDF or hardcopy of your résumé.
- Many jobs in a short period of time suggest the candidate is unstable and cannot hold a job. Note a reason for the change. Acceptable reasons include being recruited away; employer closed, was sold or relocated; employer changed name; or the candidate desired a greater challenge.>
- Gaps in employment(though more acceptable today because of the economy). First, what productive work was accomplished during the gap? Going back to school, freelancing, or contract work are all acceptable and should be stated on the résumé instead of leaving a gap. If out for family reasons, don’t reveal protected class information (item 9 above) but list as family leave.
- Applying for a position but lacking the relevant background or education. List qualifications, such as courses (even self-study), on the job training, or interning that will demonstrate that despite missing some elements of the required background, the candidate is well prepared.
8. Incomplete / Unprofessional Contact Information. Phone numbers and email information are critical to enable the employer to contact you if interested. Employers typically don’t mail anything to candidates until the later stages of the selection process, so just city and state are a minimum for an address if you are uncomfortable listing a street address. The email address must be a professional one: email@example.com is professional while firstname.lastname@example.org is not. Include professional social media profiles such as LinkedIn (it may be hyperlinked for paper and PDF versions, but not for ATS versions).
9. Listing Personal or Protected Information. A candidate’s gender, national origin, age, religion, color, mental or physical disabilities, familial status, and veteran status are among the information that should never appear on a résumé. Often this information must be redacted (meaning blacked out like this BLACKED OUT) on a résumé, which mars the appearance of the document. Plus, one’s personal interests and personal data (including social security numbers) are not appropriate on a résumé.
10. Red Flags. Red flags are things about a résumé that don’t look right or raise unanswered questions about someone’s fitness for a position. It’s too late to answer red flag area in an interview as the presence of one or more red flags dramatically increases the chances that the candidate will be bypassed entirely. Top red flags include:
What additional résumé mistakes would you add to the list?
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