When You Want to Light a Fire Under Someone, Stop Using a Flamethrower!
Posted in Assessments & Evaluations, Dynamic Training News, Improve Sales & Profits, Latest Leadership Posts, Leadership Development & Training, Performance Management, Talent Development & Training on Feb 16,2021
The veins on Jim Reade’s neck looked like a New York City area interstate road map, so I knew he was upset. “I have absolutely HAD IT up to here with this Larry!!! Third f^$@)Z#! time I’m having to correct his mistakes! Well, we’re gonna see about this – just watch me light a fire under his a#$ big enough to see in Alaska!!!” I had this sudden vision of Jim with a flamethrower in his hand as he looked for Larry.
As Jim stormed off, I thought about whether lighting a fire under Larry could get Larry to stop making mistakes in the future. I know Larry… not a bad guy and capable of good work. But lighting a fire? So 1950’s…
Motivation is defined as the reason or reasons that causes someone to want to act or behave in a certain way. It is an internal process for each person , with motivations separated into to categories:
- Intrinsic motivation is doing something or acting in a particular way because someone finds pleasure or satisfaction in the doing or acting. It is personally rewarding.
- Extrinsic motivation is doing something or acting in a particular way in order to earn a reward or avoid something unpleasant (like flamethrowers).
In both cases, the individual decides to act or behave a particular way.
The most common myth about motivation is that one person can motivate another person. That would actually be manipulation, something akin to a puppet master pulling strings that cause someone to act, devoid of free will or choice on the part of the puppet.
Managers – like Jim Reade – mistakenly believe that they can motivate their staff when what they are actually doing is creating the environment in which the person chooses to perform or behave. In the case of Jim and Larry, Jim said he would use extrinsic motivation with Larry (i.e., having a fire lit under his backside) to ostensibly have him avoid punishment for making mistakes.
Three most common failed types of extrinsic motivation are:
- Command and control – I command you, you perform just like a robot what is commanded. In this type of motivation people see themselves as devalued, performing under anxiety-producing conditions.
- Behaviorism (the carrot and the stick) – this works to a limited degree and only as long as the carrot (the reward) is both desired and is believed to be obtainable, or when there is real fear leading to avoidance of the punishment. Behaviorism as a motivator is temporary at best.
- Humanism (being very, very nice) – here the implied contract is that you work for me because I am very nice to you. This fails the first time I break the contract, upon which I’ll be seen as manipulative.
What happens to people working under these three methods? Pretty simple:
- The better employees give up and move to other employers who will use more effective motivational approaches that let them think and use their creativity.
- The weaker employees give up and stay, finding a way to do the minimum required to avoid negative consequences. The entire workforce becomes disengaged over time, most employees existing in the critter state.
Motivation That Works Perfectly
Can a manager or leader create the right motivational climate for each employee? Absolutely! Here are a number of motivational best practices to employ:
- Learn each employee’s top five or six motivators. A good way to do this is to gather the team and begin to build a common list of motivators, soliciting input from the team. Once a master list is built, number each of them alphabetically, given his or her unique circumstances.
- Point out that there are no good or bad, right or wrong motivators, only what works for each individual.
- Then ask each employee individually to silently use the numbered inventory to identify, prioritize, and list his or her personal top six motivators. Avoid discussing lists until each person has completed his or her list as discussion might influence what someone writes down.
- Be aware that creating a personal motivator inventory is a snapshot, while life is a movie. What is true at one particular point in time often changes over time. For the person starting a family or buying a house, financial rewards may jump to the top of his or her list for a while. Earn enough money and another motivator replaces it as the top one.
- Managers can use each person’s primary motivators over the course of how they manage each person in most areas, including whenever the manager is:
- Teaching knowledge or skills,
- Setting expectations and goals,
- Assigning work, tasks, or delegating,
- Delivering feedback,
- Coaching, and
- Correcting performance or behavior.
- Here are some examples of how a manager can assign work in each person’s individual motivational language. Let’s use Larry and the project work Jim was upset about. Note the assignment is identical each time, but the motivator is dependent upon the primary motivator in play:
- Motivator (intrinsic): doing meaningful work – “Larry, I want you to know how important this project is, and how much it means to the hundreds of people who will benefit. Think about how you’ll feel when your part of the project is delivered complete and accurate.”
- Motivator (extrinsic): financial rewards – “Larry, you know that in two month’s we’ll be starting to work on merit increases and annual bonuses. So think about that when you deliver your part of the project complete and accurate. I know you and Amada are buying a house…”
- Motivator (intrinsic): learning new skills and knowledge – “Larry, I’m excited for you about this project. I know how much you love to learn new things. This particular project will include some uncharted territories, a chance to research and put what you’re learning to use to produce a more accurate and complete result.”
- Motivator (extrinsic): advancement – “Larry, were you aware that Manuel and Gwenda (two influential leaders) have a personally interested in this project? The last person who did the work you are doing the go round got promoted in part because of what a great job she did. Both Manuel and Gwenda will want to know who made the project successful – and you never know where that might lead.”
Managers play a pivotal role in helping each employee make their best contribution to the organization. The really effective managers understand how to create the right environment for each employee to perform his or her best work by managing each person in his or her native motivational language. They rarely resort to lighting flamethrowers to do the task.
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